The article discusses the history of Wrocław cinemas located on Klosterstrasse (now Traugutta Street) from 1906 (opening of Zur Lachmuskel) to 1945 (destruction of Kristall-Palast). The history of three successive cinemas operating on Klosterstrasse illustrate the history and significance of cinema in German Wrocław. Initially, small, silent films accompanied by the orchestra were shown for a fee. With time, the cinema became larger, large orchestras played in it, and its importance increased. In the 1920s, it became a favorite place of rest and a paradigm of mass culture. Kristall-Palast was one of the Wrocław cinemas that determined architectural and artistic trends, which was associated with the ambitions and possibilities of its owners – the Hirschberg brothers (of Jewish origin). At the end of the 1920s and in the 1930s, they owned the largest cinema network in Wrocław, and their fame reached far beyond Wrocław. This changed after 1933, when the Nazis came to power. Kristall-Palast together with other Hirschberg cinemas passed into the hands of Tolirag and then of UFA. At that time, Kristal-Palast had the status of second-premiere cinema, they were particularly visited by the inhabitants from Oława suburb. It was a place of entertainment and propaganda, it was also used to show Hitler’s speeches. Like most Wrocław cinemas, Festung Breslau did not survive.
Od Zur Lachmuskel do Kristall-Palast. Z dziejów kina i jego roli społecznej we Wrocławiu do 1945 roku
[From Zur Lachmuskel to Kristall-Palast. The history of cinema and its social role in Wrocław until 1945]
s. 49–62; pp. 49–62
Summary: p. 62; Zusammenfassung: S. 62
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